American Type V.S. English Type Golden Retrievers

The Truth is An “English Cream Golden Retriever” is basically a Golden Retriever in a very pale shade of gold!

English Golden Retrievers are simply referred to as “Golden Retrievers” throughout Europe and other countries. However, in the United States, they are often called English Golden Retrievers. This differentiates them from the American Golden Retrievers, due to their difference in color and physical characteristics.
Are American Golden Retrievers Genetically Different From English Ones?
Somewhat. Even though American golden’s descend from English lines imported to the U.S. via Canada, the breed evolved and developed differently than its English counterpart because it was bred according to the American Kennel Club standard rather than the standard of the Kennel Club of the UK. Let’s take a look at a few of the differences.

English Golden Retriever vs. American Golden Retriever                                        From Wikipedia

British Golden The Golden Retriever was first bred in Scotland.

British-type golden retrievers are more muscular than North American varieties, with thick coats and heavier weights.
British-type Golden Retrievers are prevalent throughout Europe and Australia. The skull is broader and the forequarters are more muscular than in other types. The muzzle is balanced and well chiseled. The coat is generally lighter in color than in the American types. Males stand between 22 to 24 in (56 to 61 cm) at the withers; females are between 20 to 22 in (51 to 56 cm). Acceptable or expected weights are not specified in the UK standard, but the Kennel Club standard calls for a level top-line and straight hindquarters without the slight rear angulation found in American lines.
The eyes are round and dark, which is in contrast to the triangular or slanted composition of their American counterparts. British Golden Retrievers can have a coat color of any shade of gold or cream; red or mahogany are not permitted. Originally, cream was an unacceptable color in the UK standard, but the standard was revised in 1936 to include cream. At the time of this revision, the exclusion of cream as a color was agreed to as a mistake, as the original “yellow” retrievers of the 19th century were actually lighter in color than was permitted by the standards used before 1936. As with American lines, white is an unacceptable color in the show ring. The British Kennel Club standard is used in all countries except the US and Canada.] Golden retrievers have muscular bodies with great endurance, owing to their origins as hunting and gun dogs.

American Golden Retriever

American types are lankier and less muscular than other types, males stand between 23 and 24 in (58 and 61 cm) in height at the withers; females are 21.5 to 22.5 in (55 to 57 cm) tall. Their coats are darker in color and occur in various shades of lustrous gold with moderate feathering. When trotting, they have a free, smooth, powerful, and well-coordinated gait; as the dog runs, its feet converge towards the center of the line of balance. The American standard also makes requirements about the proportion, substance, head and skull, neck, body, top-line, forequarters, and hindquarters; in these respects, the American-type Retriever is the same as Golden Retrievers that conform to other national standards. American breeders of Golden Retrievers sometimes import their dogs from Britain to take advantage of the temperament and appearance of the British types.

Canadian Golden Retriever

The Canadian Golden Retriever has a thinner and darker coat and stands taller than other types. Males stand 23 and 24 in (58 and 61 cm) in height at withers; and females 21.5 to 22.5 in (55 to 57 cm). Weight for males is between 29–34 kg (65-75 lb); and females between 27–32 kg (60-70 lb).[18]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_Retriever

http://www.englishgoldens.net/pdf/WhatExactlyIsAnEnglishGoldenRetriever.pdf